The end of apartheid

Nelson Mandela’s release

In 1990, after much international and national pressure, President F.W. de Klerk of the National Party agreed to release a number of political prisoners, including Nelson Mandela. Mandela’s release was celebrated worldwide, viewed as a symbol of the oncoming downfall of the apartheid regime.

At the same time, de Klerk lifted the ban on a number of opposing political parties - most importantly the African National Congress (ANC), which had previously been treated as a terrorist organisation.  

The cooperation of Nelson Mandela and F.W. de Klerk

Between 1990 and 1991, Nelson Mandela (acting as the leader of the ANC) and F.W. de Klerk worked together to create a strategy for ending the apartheid regime, which resulted in official repeals of most of its discriminatory laws, beginning in 1991.  

In 1992, after...

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