Age of Absolutism | Mennesker i tid 1 | Notater

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Age of Absolutism | Mennesker i tid 1 | Notater

Engelske notater om: Age of Absolutism (1550-1789)

Notatene tilhører s. 161-180 i læreboken Mennesker i tid 1, Engelskspråklig litteratur og kultur.

Innhold

Absolutism – Typical features
Spain takes the lead – Philip II
Extension of the Spanish Empire - the largest on earth
Spain 1550-1650 – Kalles for Siglo de oro
France – Louis XIV 1643-1715
France – Louis XVI – “L´état, c´est moi”
MERCANTILISM – Main ideas (ikke ferdig)
Louis XIV – Failures
ENGLAND – a different development
Austria and Prussia
Austria (Habsburg Empire) - Maria Theresia (1740-1780)
Sweden – Gustavus Vasa (1523-1560)
Denmark – Norway. Christian II (The Tyrant) 1513 -1523
Effects

Utdrag

Absolutism – Typical features
- A standing army
- A professional bureaucracy (in order to collect taxes)
- Codification – creation of an efficient law system (and less powerful)
- Built extravagant castles
- The rules not challenged by other authorities (Church, merchants, constitutions)
- The rules had DIVINE RIGHTS

Spain takes the lead – Philip II
- Ruled The Spanish Empire 1556-1598
- Centralized the power
- Saw himself as the defender of the Catholic Church
- Saw Protestantism as an enemy
- Launched the Great Armada against Britain in 1588... Kjøp tilgang for å lese mer

Age of Absolutism | Mennesker i tid 1 | Notater

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